E-vehicles are becoming more and more popular with riders, and we want to ensure you have all the information you need to ride safely. This includes tips on modifying your own regular bicycle to ensure that it meets all legal requirements.
What counts as an ‘electrically assisted pedal cycle’ (EAPC)?
An EAPC must have pedals that can be used to propel it.
It must show either:
- the power output
- the manufacturer of the motor
It must also show either:
- the battery’s voltage
- the maximum speed of the bike
The electric motor:
- must have a maximum power output of 250 watts
- should not be able to propel the bike when it’s travelling more than 15.5mph
An EAPC can have more than 2 wheels (for example, a tricycle).
UK law says that an e-bike must not exceed 250W to be road legal, and must stop giving assistance at 15mph. If you’re buying an e-bike online, it’s your responsibility to ensure that it complies with all UK laws, otherwise you’re liable to fines, and your vehicle could be seized.
If your e-bike doesn’t comply with these rules, it will need to be registered, insured and taxed as a motor vehicle. In this case, you will also need a driving licence, and you must wear a motorcycle helmet.
Kits will often include everything you need apart from the battery, which you can buy separately. Batteries are usually either mounted to the frame, or sit under the seat in either a bag or rack.
Front hub kits are easier to fit, as you don’t have to interfere with the gears on your bike.